25 Things I did After Installing Ubuntu

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS “Precise Pangolin” is proving everyone wrong. It is perhaps the most loved Ubuntu release since “Lucid Lynx”. Unity is now an almost-finished product. The rock solid nature of Ubuntu 12.04 LTS along with bold moves such as the introduction of features like HUD is winning the hearts and minds of geeks and normal-users alike. Here are the things you could do after installing Ubuntu 12.04 to make it an even more useful and finished OS.

things to do after installing Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

Top Things To Do After Installing Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

I know, it’s late. Usually I come up with this post as and when a new major Ubuntu release happens, which has proved helpful to hundreds of thousands of newbie Ubuntu users to get things rolling in an otherwise alien world. Because of reasons you all know by now, I was not able do it this time around, till now. And since it’s already late, I have decided to elaborate the article even further by including  every bit of information I could collect regarding the things you could do in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS after installing. So here is it.

First Things First – Installing Restricted Extras During Installation

  • Starting from Ubuntu 11.04 release, you can install restricted codecs package (which include Adobe Flash, MP3 codecs and such) during installation of Ubuntu OS itself.
top things to do After Installing Ubuntu 12.04 precise pangolin
  • Notice the arrows pointing to the boxes in the screenshot above. If you tick both of them during the Ubuntu installation process (make sure you are connected to the internet before doing so), restricted extras package will be installed automatically and you will be able to play mp3’s, avi’s, mp4’s etc. and watch flash videos (YouTube videos for example) right after Ubuntu installation is done with.
  • But there is a catch. If you have a slow internet connection (which is very rare these days), ticking the boxes shown in the screenshot above will unnecessarily lengthen the installation process. I for one prefer to do all that after installing Ubuntu. If you are like me, the next two steps are for you.

Update Repositories

  • After you install brand new Ubuntu 12.04, the first thing you need to do is to update repositories and make sure you have the latest updates installed (Like I said before, you need to do this only if you haven’t ticked the boxes shown in the above screenshot).
ubuntu 12.04 things to do after installation
  • Search for Update Manager in Unity Dash and launch the Update Manager app. Check for updates available and install them if any.
  • OR you can do this entirely using command line. Open Terminal (Ubuntu 12.04 Keyboard Shortcut: Ctrl + Alt + T) and copy-paste the following command into Terminal.
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
  • Done. Ubuntu repositories have been successfully updated.

Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras

  • Install the “ubuntu-restricted-extras” package. This will enable your Ubuntu to play popular file formats like mp3, avi, flash videos etc. CLICK HERE (to install directly fromUbuntu Software Center) OR simply copy-paste the following command into Terminal to install the package (You need not do this if you have ticked the ‘right’ boxes before).
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
  • Done.

Enable Full DVD Playback in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

  • Though installing the restricted extras package will solve most of your problems, you may not be able to play dual layer dvds yet in your Ubuntu. Most commercial DVDs are encrypted with CSS (the Content Scrambling System), which attempts to restrict the software that can play a DVD.
  • For that, you need to install libdvdcss2 package from medibuntu repositories. Simply copy-paste the following commands into Terminal.
sudo wget --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/$(lsb_release -cs).list && sudo apt-get --quiet update && sudo apt-get --yes --quiet --allow-unauthenticated install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get --quiet update
sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2
  • Let the process complete, might take some time.

Check for Availability of Proprietary Hardware Drivers

drivers for ubuntu 12.04
  • In my case, all the hardware drivers including graphics, sound and wireless drivers were enabled automatically (though, as you can see, I still have a proprietary wireless driver on offer, which I have not activated). But this may not be the case for everyone.
additional drivers for ubuntu 12.04 LTS
  • If you are among the not-so-lucky, open Unity dash (Ubuntu 12.04 Keyboard Shortcut:Super key) and search for ‘Additional Drivers’ application.
  • Check for additional drivers available and activate the ones you want. In 90% of the cases, this will do the trick. Those who were not able to get their hardware drivers enabled yet will have to do a fair amount of digging through ubuntuforums.
Enable ‘Show Remaining Space Left’ Option in Nautilus File Browser

things to do after installing Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
  • Status bar towards the bottom of the Nautilus window shows not only the amount of free space left in the drive but also the number of items in that particular drive/folder. This is a simple yet very useful feature. Do the following to enable it.
  • Open Nautilus file browser. Go to View – Statusbar. Enable it and you’re done.
Calculator Lens/Scope for Ubuntu 12.04
howto install Calculator Lens/Scope for Ubuntu 12.04
  • Calculator Lens/Scope for Unity Dash. Do the following to install it in Ubuntu 12.04.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:scopes-packagers/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install unity-lens-utilities unity-scope-calculator
  • Done. Log out and log back in (OR hit Alt + F2, type unity –replace and press Enter) .
Unity Cities Lens/Scope for Ubuntu 12.04
howto install Unity Cities Lens/Scope for ubuntu 12.04
  • Unity Cities lens/scope for Ubuntu 12.04 is nifty. You just have to open up Dash and type in the city of your choice. It will show you the map, time, temperature and even the wind-speed right in your Unity Dash.
  • And it is available in the same PPA as above (Calculator Lens). So if you have already installed Calculator Lens from scopes-packagers PPA, all you need to do is this:
sudo apt-get install unity-scope-cities
  • Done. Log out and log back in.

Install Rotten Tomatoes Lens/Scope for Instant Movie Reviews

rotten tomatoes movie review lens/scope for ubuntu 12.04 unity
  • If you are a movie buff like me, this one is for you. This particular Unity Lens allows you to search for movie reviews directly from Unity Dash.
  • Only if this Lens/Scope could show data from IMDB.com as well.
  • Again, it is available in the same PPA as above (Calculator Lens). So if you have already installed Calculator Lens from scopes-packagers PPA, do the following in Terminal (otherwise, you have to run the first two commands as above).
sudo apt-get install unity-scope-rottentomatoes
  • Done. More Unity Lenses/Scopes can be found here.

Change Launcher Behavior, Size

 

things to do after installing Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
  • No need for third-party apps to do very basic stuff like changing Launcher icon size, behavior etc. You can now do all of that directly from Appearance window.
  • Right click on the desktop, select Change Desktop Background and Appearance window will pop up. You know what to do (see screenshot above).
Install MyUnity, Packed with Tons of Useful Ubuntu 12.04 Tweaks
things to do after installing Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
  • CLICK HERE to install MyUnity in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS.
  • OR copy-paste the following into Terminal.
sudo apt-get install myunity
  • Done.
Install Unsettings, More Ubuntu 12.04 Tweaking Options, Simpler UI

things to do after installing Ubuntu 12.04 precise pangolin
  • Unsettings is a newer application with similar tweaking options as MyUnity. More importantly, it has a useful ‘Reset to Default’ option.
  • Though unlike MyUnity, it is not available in default Ubuntu repositories. Copy-paste the following commands into Terminal to install Unsettings in Ubuntu 12.04.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:diesch/testing
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install unsettings
  • Done.
Ubuntu Tweak: The Most Comprehensive of Them All
top things to do after installing Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
  • Ubuntu Tweak is undoubtedly the most comprehensive tweaking tool for Ubuntu.
  • Apart from the usual Unity related tweaks, Ubuntu Tweak has a number of other options like a fully functioning Software Center, huge array of scripts to choose from, Computer Janitor to free up space etc. to name a few.
  • Do the following in Terminal to install Ubuntu Tweak.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak
  • Done.
Install Open in Terminal Nautilus Extension

open in terminal nautilus extension
  • This extension adds a very useful ‘open in Terminal’ option to Nautilus right click menu.
  • CLICK HERE to install extension directly from Ubuntu Software Center.
  • Log out and log back in to enable it (OR hit Alt + F2, type nautilus -q and press ENTER).
  • And you’re done.

Change Panel Transparency

things to do after installing Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
  • I like my Unity’s top panel to be semi-transparent.
  • In MyUnity, just goto Panel settings to change its transparency.
  • As you can see, there is also a ‘Transparency maximized toggle’ option. When it is set to ON, Panel transparency will be OFF for maximized windows. Very nice hack.
Enable Workspace Screen Edge Actions
things to do after installing Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
  • This is one of my favorite features which can be enabled/modified easily using Ubuntu Tweak. What it does is, you can set each corner of your workspace to do different tasks (which you can choose) on mouse hover action.
  • Launch Ubuntu Tweak. Goto Tweaks – Workspace.
Install Weather Indicator Applet
weather indicator applet ubuntu 12.04
  • CLICK HERE to install Weather Indicator Applet in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS.
  • After installation, search for weather indicator in Unity Dash and launch the Applet.
Install CPU/Memory Indicator Applet
 
cpu usage indicator ubuntu 12.04
  • Useful CPU/Memory load indicator applet that will reside in your top panel.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:indicator-multiload/stable-daily
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install indicator-multiload
  • After installing, just search for System Load Indicator in Unity Dash and launch the app.
Install Dropbox Client in Ubuntu 12.04
install dropbox ubuntu 12.04
  • Apart from Ubuntu One, Dropbox is my favorite cloud storage service. Interface is slick and Dropbox has perhaps the best Linux support among other popular alternatives.
  • Simple double click on the downloaded .DEB package to install it.
  • Afterwards, open Dash, search for Dropbox and launch the app. The daemon will take you through the installation steps further. More screenshots and details.
Install Synaptic Package Manager
install synaptic in ubuntu 12.04 lts
  • With all its bling-bling, Ubuntu Software Center is not a finished product yet. It is still very slow to respond, crashes every now and then and cannot match the functionality aspects of Synaptic Package Manager.
  • CLICK HERE to install Synaptic Package Manager from Ubuntu Software Center.
Install Google Voice and Video Chat Plugin for Linux
 
gmail video and voice chat in ubuntu 12.04
  • I’m quite an heavy user of Gmail and use its video and voice chat features very often. Fortunately, Google video chat plugin is available for Linux along with Windows n’ Mac.
  • And simple double click the downloaded DEB file to install it.
Install Ubuntu Software Center Quicklist for Ubuntu 12.04
 
ubuntu software center quicklist for precise pangolin
  • Ubuntu Software Center Quicklist lets you quickly add PPAs through the software-properties UI and update sources as well. And if you have Synaptic Package Manager installed, you can launch it directly using this quicklist. Do the following to install it.
  • Copy the original ubuntu-software-center.desktop file to your Home folder. For that, simply copy-paste the following command into Terminal.
sudo cp /usr/share/applications/ubuntu-software-center.desktop ~/.local/share/applications/
  • Open the file for editing with gedit.
sudo gedit ~/.local/share/applications/ubuntu-software-center.desktop
  • Copy-paste the following to the bottom of the file.
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=SoftwareUpdates;SoftwareProperties;Synaptic;

[SoftwareUpdates Shortcut Group]  
Name=Update Manager  
Exec=update-manager -c  
OnlyShowIn=Unity

[SoftwareProperties Shortcut Group]  
Name=Add/Edit PPAs  
Exec=gksu software-properties-gtk %u  
OnlyShowIn=Unity

[Synaptic Shortcut Group]  
Name=Synaptic Software Manager  
Exec=gksu synaptic %u  
OnlyShowIn=Unity
  • Save and exit. Restart Unity (Hit Alt + F2, type unity –replace and press ENTER).
  • If that doesn’t work, log out and log back in.
Install Firefox Quicklist for Ubuntu 12.04
 
  • Do the following to install quicklist in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS.
  • Copy your original firefox.desktop file into your home directory using Terminal.
sudo cp /usr/share/applications/firefox.desktop ~/.local/share/applications
  • Open the copied file using editing.
sudo gedit ~/.local/share/applications/firefox.desktop
  • Find and edit the following line (Use CTRL + F shortcut to search for the text).
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=NewWindow;
  • Replace it with this:
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=NewWindow;SafeMode;ProfileManager;
  • Done. Now, copy-paste the following lines to bottom of the file.
[SafeMode Shortcut Group]
Name=Open Firefox in safe mode
Exec=firefox -safe-mode
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[ProfileManager Shortcut Group]
Name=Firefox Profile Manager
Exec=firefox -ProfileManager
TargetEnvironment=Unity
  • Save and exit. Restart Unity (Hit Alt + F2, type unity –replace and press ENTER).
  • If that doesn’t work, log out and log back in.
  • More useful quicklists can be found here.

Bleeding Edge Script for Ubuntu 12.04 Lets You Install a *Lot* of Useful Apps

how to install and use bleeding edge script in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
  • Bleeding Edge is a simple script for Ubuntu that lets you install a multitude of applications NOT available in official Ubuntu repositories.
Install GNOME Shell Desktop as an Alternative to Unity

install gnome shell in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
  • GNOME Shell is available in the default Ubuntu repositories.
  • CLICK HERE to install GNOME Shell directly from Ubuntu Software Center (OR simply search for gnome-shell in Ubuntu Software Center/Synaptic).
  • Log out and choose ‘GNOME’ instead of ‘Ubuntu’ from login window.

That’s it for today. Hope you all are enjoying Ubuntu 12.04 LTS as much I am now. Barrage of Ubuntu 12.04 reviews, tips and other articles are on its way. Stay tuned.

Cleaning up Your Ubuntu Installation

You have installed a lot of applications, uninstalled them.  A lot of times when you apt-get remove all those dependencies stay behind.  There are a lot that think aptitude is the answer but I have found that when you aptitude remove an application it removes stuff you don’t want removed.   Ubuntu has a few methods that will free up disc space and make your OS lean and fast.

First thing first there is a few commands that can clean up your disc.  I will explain them as we go.  First command is the package autoclean.  What autoclean does is remove partial packages from the system.  To use autoclean type the following command in a terminal:

sudo apt-get autoclean

Then enact the package clean command.  What this commnad does is to clean remove .deb packages that apt caches when you install/update programs.  To use the clean command type the following in a terminal window:

sudo apt-get clean

You can then use the autoremove command.  What the autoremove command does is to remove packages installed as dependencies after the original package is removed from the system.  To use autoremove tye the following in a terminal window:

sudo apt-get autoremove

http://www.stchman.com/cleanup.html

CALENDAR INDICATOR DISPLAYS GOOGLE CALENDAR EVENTS ON THE UBUNTU PANEL

google calendar indicator

Calendar Indicator is a new tool to display your Google Calendar events on the Ubuntu / Unity panel.
You can already do that with Evolution and Indicator DateTime, but there are some differences: firstly, the obvious: you don’t need Evolution to use Calendar Indicator. And secondly, Calendar Indicator displays the next 10 upcoming Google Calendar events at once, so you don’t have to scroll through dates to see your Google Calendar events.

The indicator uses a nice icon with the current day, which is available for both light and dark themes (configurable in the Calendar Indicator preferences).

calendar indicator
If you want to see more than the next 10 events, select “Show Calendar” and a calendar window will pop up. Selecting a date will display the event(s) for that day in a tooltip. Using this calendar, you can see all the previous and future events.

Calendar Indicator is a new application, so there are still features missing: you can’t select the calendar used, you can’t change the number of upcoming Google Calendar events in the indicator menu and so on. But these along with an option to create or delete events and more are planned for future Calendar Indicator versions.

Update: the latest Calendar Indicator has added options to create or remove events and other new features.

Install Calendar Indicator in Ubuntu

Calendar Indicator is available for Ubuntu 11.10, 12.04 and 12.10 in the Atareao PPA. To add the PPA and install it, use the commands below in a terminal:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:atareao/atareao
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install calendar-indicator
Once installed, start it, enter your username and password (they will be saved in GNOME Keyring, so your password is safe), select the update interval and if Calendar Indicator should autostart and that’s it.

If you encounter bugs, report them @ Launchpad.

Calendar Indicator was created by Lorenzo, who’s also behind My Weather Indicator,CryptFolder IndicatorGoogle Reader IndicatorTouchpad indicator and others. Check out his blog (in Spanish) @ atareao.es

http://www.webupd8.org/2012/02/calendar-indicator-displays-google.html

How To Enable Root User ( Super User ) in Ubuntu

Warning: Enabling root is not recommended. If possible, you should always try to perform all administrative tasks using sudo.

Question 1: I’m unable to login using su command. How to fix this?

By default, root account password is locked in Ubuntu. So, when you do su -, you’ll get Authentication failure error message as shown below.

$ su -
Password:
su: Authentication failure

Enable super user account password on Ubuntu

First, set a password for root user as shown below.

$ sudo passwd root
[sudo] password for ramesh:
Enter new UNIX password:
Retype new UNIX password:
passwd: password updated successfully

Now with the new password you can login as super user with su command

$ su -
Password:
#

Disable super user account password on Ubuntu

Later if you don’t want to use su anymore, you can lock the root user password using one of the methods shown below

$ sudo passwd -l root

( or )

$ sudo usermod -p '!' root

Ubuntu Tips: How To Enable Root User ( Super User ) in Ubuntu